Relation of rate of gain to feed efficiency in beef cattle

by Robert Leighton Blackwell

Written in English
Published: Pages: 54 Downloads: 636
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Subjects:

  • Beef cattle.,
  • Cattle -- Feeding and feeds.

Edition Notes

Statementby Robert Leighton Blackwell.
The Physical Object
Pagination54 leaves, bound :
Number of Pages54
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL14304403M

Genetic improvement in feed efficiency in beef cattle R.M. Herd, P.F. Arthur, J.A. Archer and E.C. Richardson 1 2 2 2 l NSW Agriculture, CRC for the Cattle and Beef Industry, University of New England, Armidale, NSW * NSW Agriculture, Agricultural Research Centre, Trangie, NSW Summary Net feed conversion efficiency (NFCE) describes whether an animal eats more or less feed . Ralgro®, Synovex®, Compudose® or Steer-oid® implants will increase the rate and efficiency of gain of pound-plus calves, especially if the calves are gaining over 1 pound daily. Implants can improve rate of gain by as much as pounds daily in a winter period.   Dairy steers contribute 15 to 20 percent of the fed beef market in the U.S. The economic variables that affect profitability of feeding Holstein steers from 6 months old to finish are similar to those of feeding beef cattle. However, profitably feeding Holstein bull or steer calves from birth to 6 months old is more : Frank Wardynski.   A: The cost of gain will vary on each pen of cattle depending on many factors. Feed costs, genetics, flesh condition, weather and especially health of the cattle is critical in achieving an efficient cost of gain. For healthy steers in the New Mexico Ranch to Rail Program, total cost of gain (feed cost of gain plus interest) averaged $

"Lightweight cattle are generally more efficient in converting feed to weight gain than heavy cattle of the same type and quality," McNeill explains. This is due to the lower relative maintenance requirements of smaller cattle and the composition of the gain. "Weight gain in lighter cattle is mostly water and protein accumulation. Implants have a long history of use in the beef cattle industry. The first commercial implant was introduced in Since that time, the use of implants has been widely adopted by the cattle feeding and stocker sectors of the beef industry. According to a File Size: KB. Residual Feed Intake (Net Feed Efficiency) in Beef Cattle Improving the feed efficiency of a beef cattle herd can mean big savings for producers. One way to achieve this goal is to select breeding bulls that are naturally feed-efficient, since 80 to 90 per cent of the genetic improvement in a herd comes through the sires. BenefitsFile Size: KB.   Beef cattle differ in their ability to convert feed sources to lean product. Animals that are inefficient can reduce income through increased feed costs. Selection for efficient animals will allow producers to use these animals to optimize production in their cattle herds. This project investigates feed efficiency in cattle adapeted to tropical and subtropical environments.

Keywords: beef cattle, BovineSNP50, feed efficiency, quantitative trait loci, single nucleotide polymorphism Introduction Expected progeny differences (EPDs; EPDs are one-half the breeding value of an animal) have enabled beef cattle breeders to make rapid genetic progress in several economically important traits (i.e. AAA ) since their Cited by:

Relation of rate of gain to feed efficiency in beef cattle by Robert Leighton Blackwell Download PDF EPUB FB2

Relation of rate of gain to feed efficiency in beef cattleCited by: 2. On a feed:gain basis, beef cattle are least efficient compared to other livestock Poultry Improvement – Impacted by metabolic rate, cellular efficiency.

metabolic rate, methane production, and energy partitioning in beef cattle Relationships of feedlot feed efficiency, performance, and feeding behavior with   The current study examined the relationship of feedlot feed efficiency, performance, and feeding behavior with metabolic rate, digestion, and energy partitioning in beef cattle ranked by RFI.

MATERIALS AND METHODS Animals and Diets. Twenty-seven Continental × British hybrid beef steers sired by Angus or Charolais bulls were used in the by: common measurement of feed efficiency is feed conversion ratio (FCR), which is the ratio of feed intake to live-weight gain.

A calf that consumes 15 pounds of feed per day and gains 3 pounds live-weight per day would have a FCR. Cash, Cows, and Calves 35 Florida Beef Cattle Short Course. The Economic Impact of Feed Efficiency in Beef Cattle1 Assuming similar diets and a similar rate of gain ( pounds/day) it would take each calf days traits in cattle.

Summary Feed. Breed group means for body weight, growth rate (ADG) and feed conversion efficiency (FCE) of young bulls. The following conclusions can be made from this table: The relationship between weaning weight and the ADG (r = ) and FCR (r = ) is almost non existent.

Preweaning growth is thus unrelated to post weaning growth and Size: KB. The four-year Defra and AHDB -funded Beef Feed Efficiency Programme will demonstrate how feed efficiency traits can be measured and selected for in beef cattle, illustrating how the most efficient cattle will eat less than others but grow at the same rate.

This will provide significant opportunities for beef producers to cut the cost of production. yield for the test period, this group of cattle were 27% more effective in converting feed energy consumed to calf weight than the two highest feed availa~~ levels and were 7% more efficient than the kcal/wt.

group. Breeds of cattle previously characterized as having higher genetic potential for growth tended to be of higher. It is possible that beef cattle on mixed rations in studies such as this one may also sort feed, which means that the quality of the ration declines over the day.

Feeding rate was also influenced by dominance, with higher intake rates shown by steers of higher DispIndex by: 2. The higher repeatability of residual feed intake than gross efficiency suggests that this is a more useful measure of efficiency.

Keywords: efficiency, residual feed intake, gross efficiency, beef cattle. INTRODUCTION Recently much attention has been focussed on the efficiency of feed utilisation in beef production, and.

Food intake, eating rate, weight gains, metabolic rate and efficiency of feed utilization in Bos taurus and Bos indicus crossbred cattle - Volume 25 Issue 3 - Cited by: reported a correlation coefficient of between rate of gain and feed efficiency.

Smith and others () obtained a correlation coeffi-cient of for bulls and for heifers. Nelms and Bogart () reported significant correlation coefficients of feed efficiency with daily gain (r`), age at beginning of test (r= ), and birth. Weaning Rations for Beef Steers for Two Rates of Gain; Weaning Rations for Beef Steers for Two Rates of Gain.

Updated: January 2, Cattle on Feed. The mineral should contain at least 1/3 limestone or calcium equivalent value and can be offered free choice (with intake monitored.) Unless indicated hay is offered free-choice except for.

In animal husbandry, feed conversion ratio (FCR) or feed conversion rate is a ratio or rate measuring of the efficiency with which the bodies of livestock convert animal feed into the desired output. For dairy cows, for example, the output is milk, whereas in animals raised for meat (such as beef cows, pigs, chickens, and fish) the output is the flesh, that is, the body mass.

In addition, feed energy for cow maintenance represents % of total feed energy requirements. Currently, a 1% improvement in feed efficiency would save just the feedlot sector $ million annually.

Various methods of quantifying feed efficiency exist, including feed conversion ratio (FCR) or feed:gain which is used most ted: June and feeds to improve returns from beef cattle in a range of production systems. 1 2 Growing and finishing phases 3 Matching cattle type to feeding system 4 Maximising dry matter intake 5 Improving feed efficiency 6 Feeding growing cattle 8 Creep feeding suckled calves 9 Transition management 10 Feeding finishing cattle 12 Water 13 Making theFile Size: KB.

Progress 07/01/06 to 06/30/08 Outputs OUTPUTS: In beef production systems the weight of the animal is the single most important component in determining value. Thus, the ability to identify and propagate cattle that are efficient in converting feed into weight gain becomes an important component of a successful cow-calf unit.

Non Technical Summary Approximately 55 to 75% of the total costs associated with beef cattle production are feed costs. A 5% decrease in feed efficiency could have an economic impact four times greater than a 5% improvement in average daily weight gain.

Studies in feedlot cattle showed that 10% improvement in average daily gain (ADG). For a good many years, it was assumed feed efficiency was positively related to feed consumption. The animal that consumed the most, in relation to its body weight, gained more and did it on less feed/lb.

of gain. The theory was that the more an animal ate, the more that was left for production, after taking care of body maintenance. feed costs have represented % of the cost of production for beef enterprises. and exceeded $7 per bushel, feed costs were nearly 80% of the costs in many feedlot operations.

improvement of 10% in feed efficiency in the entire feedlot sector would reduce feed costs $ by: 3. There are many different contexts, approaches and measurements of feed efficiency in beef cattle production ranging from the individual animal to the production system operated.

In the context of the animal, traditionally, feed conversion ratio (FCR) (i.e. weights and growth rates Average daily gain (kg) Live weight (kg) Defining Feed Efficiency in Beef Cattle Gordon E.

Carstens and Luis Orlindo Tedeschi Department of Animal Science, Texas A&M University, College Station Introduction Most breeding programs have focused on improving economically relevant output traits such as growth, carcass quality and fertility to enhance the economic viability of beefFile Size: KB.

The American Angus Association is the nation’s largest beef breed organization, serving more t members across the United States, Canada and several other countries.

It’s home to an extensive breed registry that grows by nearlyanimals each year. Factors associated with growth in beef cattle RESULTS 1. The relation of weight at 21 months to weaning weight and post­ weaning liveweight gain Data for this analysis were derived from two sources.

The liveweight measurements made on young bulls bred and reared in the seven pedigree. A common measure of this efficiency is the feed conversion ratio (FCR), calculated as the ratio of feed intake to weight gain.

Typical FCRs for animals raised using commercial feeds and intensive production methods (i.e. not extensive production like grazing) are as follows: beef cattle: –, pigs: –, chickens: –, and Cited by: This study aimed to compare feed efficiency measures of Nellore beef cattle on different residual intake and gain (RIG) classes.

We used data from animals weighing on average kg and average of days of age from feedlot performance tests carried out between and Consumption averaged ± L/ d for cattle weighing between and kg and gaining at a rate of kg/ d.

Water intake was positively correlated with average daily gain and feed intake, but had no relationship to feed by: Together with growth rate, days to market and mortality, feed efficiency has been considered as one of the important parameters in assessing the potential of bird strain or feeding program etc.

In N. America the value is calculated by dividing feed intake by weight gain, and so values of around are common for 42 d old birds. NSW DPI beef cattle officer Todd Andrews discusses the concept of Net Feed Intake and its use as a measure of feed efficiency for the purpose of genetic development.

Net feed intake measures whether an animal eats more or less than expected for its weight and growth rate. This is the most important factor affecting the rate of gain and efficiency of feed conversion.

Intake varies with the mass of the animal, the type of diet and the stage of the feeding period. On low energy diets intake is controlled by gut fill and is usually of the order of % of the body mass or less.The Pig Site's sponsors Biomin have produced a detailed article with guidance on how to improve feed efficiency in pigs.

Average Daily Gain (ADG) Weighing all pigs at weaning, entrance into each stage and at slaughter can be time-consuming; an alternative option is to weigh a selection of pigs to give an indication of the overall picture.Beef cow efficiency is a critically important topic for range cow producers.

Feed efficiency, or the ability to convert grazed forages into production, is obviously an important aspect of overall cow efficiency. The late Bob Taylor from CSU made the statement “profitable cattle are usually productive, but productive cattle are not always.